Newest Taxa

    2017 latest news (February)

    • [update] Lal, K.K., Dwivedi, A.K., Singh, R.K., Mohindra, V., Chandra, S., Gupta, B.K., Dhawan, S. & Jena, J. (2017): A new Bagrid catfish species, Rita bakalu (Siluriformes: Bagridae), from the Godavari River basin, India.

    • Prokofiev, A.M. (2017): New genus of Ptereleotrinae (Gobioidei) from the South China Sea.

    • Kotlyar, A.N. (2017): Holocentridae from Borodino submarine elevation (Philippine Sea).

    • Voronina, E.P. & Suzumoto, A.Y. (2017): Samaretta perexilis, a new genus and new species of samarid flatfish (Pleuronectiformes: Samaridae) from the South Pacific.

    • Allen, G.R., Erdmann, M.V. & Purtiwi, P.D. (2017): Descriptions of four new species of damselfishes (Pomacentridae) in the Pomacentrus philippinus complex from the tropical western Pacific Ocean.

    • Volcan, M.V., Klotzel, B. & Lanès, L.E.K. (2017): Two new species of Melanorivulus (Cyprinodontiformes: Cynolebiidae) from Rio Verde drainage, Upper Rio Paraná basin, Brazil.

    • [update] Lujan, N.K., Cramer, C.A., Covain, R., Fisch-Muller, S. & López-Fernández, H. (2017): Multilocus molecular phylogeny of the ornamental wood-eating catfishes (Siluriformes, Loricariidae, Panaqolus and Panaque) reveals undescribed diversity and parapatric clades.
      • Panaqoco n. subgen. Lujan et al., 2017
      • Type species: Panaque maccus Schaefer & Stewart, 1993
      • Panafilus n. subgen. Lujan et al., 2017
      • Type species: Panaque albomaculatus Kanazawa, 1958
      • Pseudoqolus n. gen. Lujan et al., 2017
      • Type species: Panaqolus koko Fisch-Muller & Covain, 2012
      • Micracanthicus Lujan & Armbruster, 2011 is now considered to be a synonym of Hypancistrus Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1991

    • Arratia, G. & Quezada-Romegialli, C. (2017): Understanding morphological variability in a taxonomic context in Chilean diplomystids (Teleostei: Siluriformes), including the description of a new species.
      • Diplomystes incognitus Arratia & Quezada-Romegialli, 2017

    • Chakona, A. & Skelton, P.H. (2017): A review of the Pseudobarbus afer (Peters, 1864) species complex (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) in the eastern Cape Fold Ecoregion of South Africa.

    • Ohara, W.M., Mirande, J.M. & Lima, F.C.T. (2017): Phycocharax rasbora, a new genus and species of Brazilian tetra (Characiformes: Characidae) from Serra do Cachimbo, rio Tapajo´s basin.

    • Zanata, A.M., Lima, F.C.T., Di Dario, F. & Gerhard, P. (2017): A new remarkable and Critically Endangered species of Astyanax Baird & Girard (Characiformes: Characidae) from Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil, with a discussion on durophagy in the Characiformes.

    • Matsunuma, M. (2017): Syngnathus chihiroe, a new species of pipefish (Syngnathidae) from southern Japan.

    • Carpenter, K.E., Williams, J.T. & Santos, M.D. (2017): Acanthurus albimento, a new species of surgeonfish (Acanthuriformes: Acanthuridae) from northeastern Luzon, Philippines, with comments on zoogeography.

    • Roxo, F.F., Melo, B.F., Silva, G.S.C. & Oliveira, C. (2017): New species of Parotocinclus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from coastal drainages of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil.

    • Russell, B.C. & Ho, H.-C. (2017): A new species of Nemipterus (Perciformes: Nemipteridae) and first record of N. nematophorus (Bleeker) from Taiwan.

    • Ribeiro, F.R.V., Rapp Py-Daniel, L.H. & Walsh, S.J. (2017): Taxonomic revision of the South American catfish genus Ageneiosus (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae) with the description of four new species.

    • Fricke, R. & Erdmann, M.V. (2017): Enneapterygius niue, a new species of triplefin from Niue and Samoa, southwestern Pacific Ocean (Teleostei: Tripterygiidae).

    • Kullander, S.O. (2017): Devario fangae and Devario myitkyinae, two new species of danionin cyprinids from northern Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Danioninae).

    • Sarmento-Soares, L.M., Lazzarotto, H., Rapp Py-Daniel, L. & Leitão, R.P. (2017): A new Centromochlus Kner, 1858 (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae: Centromochlinae) from the transition between Amazon floodplain and Guiana shield, Brazil.

    • Crampton, W.G.R., Santana, C.D.d., Waddell, J.C. & Lovejoy, N.R. (2017): A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical electric fish genus Brachyhypopomus (Ostariophysi: Gymnotiformes: Hypopomidae), with descriptions of 15 new species.
      • Brachyhypopomus alberti Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus arrayae Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus batesi Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus belindae Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus benjamini Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus cunia Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus flavipomus Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus hamiltoni Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus hendersoni Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus menezesi Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus palenque Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus provenzanoi Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus regani Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus sullivani Crampton et al., 2017
      • Brachyhypopomus verdii Crampton et al., 2017

    2017 latest news (January)

    • Walovich, K.A., Ebert, D.A. & Kemper, J.M. (2017): Hydrolagus erithacus sp. nov. (Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae), a new species of chimaerid from the southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian oceans.

    • Ardila Rodriguez, C.A. (2016): Cinco nuevas especies de peces Trichomycterus para la región Caribe – Colombia.

    • Lima, F.C.T. & Sazima, I. (2017): Corydoras desana, a new plated catfish from the upper rio Negro, Brazil, with comments on mimicry within Corydoradinae (Ostariophysi: Siluriformes: Callichthyidae).

    • Allen, G.R., Erdmann, M.V., Suharti, S.R. & Sianipar, A. (2017): Pseudotrichonotus caeruleoflavus, a new species of reef fish from Indonesia (Teleostei: Aulopiformes: Pseudotrichonotidae).

    • Küçük, F., Turan, D., Güçlü, S.S., Mutlu, A.G. & Çiftci, Y. (in press): Two New Species of Chondrostoma Agassiz, 1832 (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Ceyhan, Seyhan and Göksu Rivers in the East Mediterranean Region of Turkey.

    • Costa, W.J.E.M. (2017): Redescription of Nothobranchius lucius and description of a new species from Mafia Island, eastern Tanzania (Cyprinodontiformes, Aplocheilidae).

    • Lima, F.C.T. (2017): A revision of the cis-andean species of the genus Brycon Müller & Troschel (Characiformes: Characidae).

    • Matsunuma, M., & Motomura, H. (2017): Review of the genus Banjos (Perciformes: Banjosidae) with descriptions of two new species and a new subspecies.

    • Chen, X.-Y., Qin, T. & Chen, Z.-Y. (2017): Oreoglanis hponkanensis, a new sisorid catfish from north Myanmar (Actinopterygii, Sisoridae).

    • Hastings, P.A. & Conway, K.W. (2017): Gobiesox lanceolatus, a new species of clingfish (Teleostei: Gobiesocidae) from Los Frailes submarine canyon, Gulf of California, Mexico.

    • Ohara, W.M., Lima, F.C.T. & Barros, B.S. (2017): Hyphessobrycon petricolus, a new species of tetra (Characiformes: Characidae) from the rio Madeira basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    • Oku, K., Imamura, H. & Yabe, M. (2017): Phylogenetic relationships and a new classification of the family Cyclopteridae (Perciformes: Cottoidei).

    • Arunachalam, M., Sivakumar, P. & Murugan, M. (2017): Descriptions of five new species of Neolissochilus Rainboth, 1985 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from streams/rivers of the Western Ghats, peninsular India.
      • Neolissochilus acutirostris Arunachalam et al., 2017
      • Neolissochilus capudelphinus Arunachalam et al., 2017
      • Neolissochilus micropthalmus Arunachalam et al., 2017
      • Neolissochilus minimus Arunachalam et al., 2017
      • Neolissochilus tamiraparaniensis Arunachalam et al., 2017

    • Abdussamad, E.M., Sukumaran, S., Ratheesh, A.K.O., Koya, K.M., Koya, K.P.S., Rohit, P., Reader, S., Akhilesh, K.V. & Gopalakrishnan, A. (2016): Scomber indicus, a new species of mackerel (Scombridae: Scombrini) from Eastern Arabian Sea.

    • [update] Nakayama, N. & Endo, H. (2016): Mesovagus, a replacement name for the grenadier genus Mesobius Hubbs and Iwamoto 1977 (Actinopterygii: Gadiformes: Macrouridae), a junior homonym of Mesobius Chamberlin 1951 (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae).
      • Mesovagus nom. nov. Nakayama & Endo, 2016
      • Replacement name for the grenadier genus Mesobius Hubbs and Iwamoto 1977 (Actinopterygii: Gadiformes: Macrouridae), a junior homonym of Mesobius Chamberlin 1951 (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae)

    • [update] Lee, M.-Y., Munroe, T.A. & Kai, Y. (2016): Description of a new cryptic species of tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae: Symphurus) from shallow waters off Japan.

    • [update] Yoshida, T. & Motomura, H. (2016): A new cardinalfish, Verulux solmaculata (Perciformes: Apogonidae), from Papua New Guinea and Australia.

    • [update] Tomiyama, S., Takami, M. & Fukui, A. (2016): A new deepwater assfish, Bassozetus mozambiquensis sp. nov. (Ophidiiformes: Ophidiidae), from the western Indian Ocean.

    • [update] Nakayama, N. & Endo, H. (2016): A new species of the grenadier genus Coryphaenoides (Actinopterygii: Gadiformes: Macrouridae) from Japan and a range extension of Coryphaenoides rudis Günther 1878 in the northwestern Pacific.

    • Costa, W.J.E.M. (2017): Three new species of the killifish genus Melanorivulus from the central Brazilian Cerrado savanna (Cyprinodontiformes, Aplocheilidae).
      • Melanorivulus flavipinnis Costa, 2017
      • Melanorivulus ignescens Costa, 2017
      • Melanorivulus regularis Costa, 2017

    • [update] Hidaka, K., Tsukamoto, Y. & Iwatsuki, Y. (2016): Nemoossis, a new genus for the eastern Atlantic long-fin bonefish Pterothrissus belloci Cadenat 1937 and a redescription of P. gissu Hilgendorf 1877 from the northwestern Pacific.

    • Lujan, N.K., Cramer, C.A., Covain, R., Fisch-Muller, S. & López-Fernández, H. (in press): Multilocus molecular phylogeny of the ornamental wood-eating catfishes (Siluriformes, Loricariidae, Panaqolus and Panaque) reveals undescribed diversity and parapatric clades.
      • Panaqoco n. subgen. Lujan et al., (in press)
      • Type species: Panaque maccus Schaefer & Stewart, 1993
      • Panafilus n. subgen. Lujan et al., (in press)
      • Type species: Panaque albomaculatus Kanazawa, 1958
      • Pseudoqolus n. gen. Lujan et al., (in press)
      • Type species: Panaqolus koko Fisch-Muller & Covain, 2012
      • Micracanthicus Lijan & Armbruster, 2011 is now considered to be a synonym of Hypancistrus Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1991

    • Voronina, E., Pruvost, P. & Causse, R. (2017): Parabothus rotundifrons (Pleuronectiformes: Bothidae), a new bothid flatfish from Saya de Malha Bank (Indian Ocean) / Parabothus rotundifrons (Pleuronectiformes : Bothidae), un nouveau bothidé du banc de Saya de Malha (océan Indien).

    • Campos-da-Paz, R. & Queiroz, I.R. (2017): A new species of Eigenmannia Jordan and Evermann (Gymnotiformes: Sternopygidae) from the upper rio Paraguai basin.

    • Carvalho, T.P., Lundberg, J.G., Baskin, J.N., Friel, J.P. & Reis, R.E. (2016): A new species of the blind and miniature genus Micromyzon Friel and Lundberg, 1996 (Silurifomes: Aspredinidae) from the Orinoco River: describing catish diversity using high-resolution computed tomography.

    • Prokofiev, A.M. (2016): Loaches of the genus Barbatula (Nemacheilinae) of the Zavkhan River basin (Western Mongolia).

    • Prokofiev, A.M. (2016): Gobies (Gobioidei) of soft bottoms from Nha Trang and Van Phong bays (South China Sea, Vietnam).

    • Balushkin, A.V. & Zhukov, M.Y. (2016): Polytypy of the genus Zanclorhynchus (Zanclorhynchinae: Congiopodidae): Description of the new species Z. сhereshnevi sp. n. from the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean.

    • Collier, G.E. (2016): The Rivulus of Guatemala: Rivulus tenuis Meek, 1904, Rivulus godmani Regan, 1907 and Rivulus degreefi sp. nov.
      • Rivulus degreefi Collier, 2016 = Cynodonichthys degreefi (Collier, 2016)
        • Journal of the American Killifish Association, 49 (2): 34-47.

    2016 latest news (December)

    • Jouladeh-Roudbar, A., Eagderi, S., Ghanavi, H.R. & Doadrio, I. (2016): Taxonomic review of the genus Capoeta Valenciennes, 1842 (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) from central Iran with the description of a new species.

    • [update] Arunachalam, M., Chinnaraja, S. & Mayden, R.L. (2016): On the identities of Hypselobarbus pulchellus (Day, 1870), H. dobsoni (Day, 1876), H. jerdoni (Day, 1870), and H. maciveri Annandale 1919 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae), with the description of a new species of Hypselobarbus from peninsular India.

    • Ota, R.P., Rapp Py-Daniel, L.H. & Jégu, M. (2016): A new Silver Dollar species of Metynnis Cope, 1878 (Characiformes: Serrasalmidae) from Northwestern Brazil and Southern Venezuela.

    • Cherobim, A.M., Lazzarotto, H. & Langeani, F. (2016): A new species of the catfish Neoplecostomus (Loricariidae: Neoplecostominae) from a coastal drainage in southeastern Brazil.

    • Pyle, R.L., Greene, B.D. & Kosaki, R.K. (2016): Tosanoides obama, a new basslet (Perciformes, Percoidei, Serranidae) from deep coral reefs in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.

    • [update] Fricke, R. (2016): Synchiropus novaehiberniensis, a new species of dragonet from New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific Ocean, with a review of subgenus Synchiropus (Neosynchiropus) and description of a new subgenus (Teleostei: Callionymidae).

    • [update] Tornabene, L., Van Tassell, J.L., Gilmore, R.G., Robertson, D.R., Young, F. & Baldwin, C.C. (2016): Molecular phylogeny, analysis of character evolution, and submersible collections enable a new classification of a diverse group of gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Nes subgroup), including nine new species and four new genera.
      • Carrigobius n. gen. Van Tassell, Tornabene & Gilmore, 2016
      • Type species: Psilotris amblyrhynchus Smith & Baldwin, 1999
      • Cryptopsilotris n. gen. Van Tassell, Tornabene & Gilmore, 2016
      • Type species: Psilotris batrachodes Böhlke, 1963
      • Paedovaricus n. gen. Van Tassell, Tornabene & Gilmore, 2016
      • Type species: Varicus imswe Greenfield, 1981
      • Pinnichthys n. gen. Van Tassell, Tornabene & Gilmore , 2016
      • Type species: Pinnichthys aimoriensis Van Tassell, Tornabene & Gilmore, 2016
      • Pinnichthys saurimimica Gilmore, Van Tassell & Tornabene, 2016
      • Psilotris laetarii Van Tassell & Young, 2016
      • Psilotris laurae Van Tassell, Tornabene & Baldwin, 2016
      • Varicus adamsi Gilmore, Van Tassell & Tornabene, 2016
      • Varicus cephalocellatus Gilmore, Van Tassell & Baldwin, 2016
      • Varicus decorum Van Tassell, Baldwin & Tornabene, 2016
      • Varicus nigritus Gilmore, Van Tassell & Baldwin, 2016
      • Varicus veliguttatus Van Tassell, Baldwin & Gilmore, 2016
        • Vasil’eva, E.D., Kim, D., Vasil’ev, V.P., Ko, M.-H. & Won, Y.-J. (2016): Cobitis nalbanti, a new species of spined loach from South Korea, and redescription of Cobitis lutheri (Teleostei: Cobitidae).

        • Doadrio, I., Casal-López, M. & Perea, S. (2016): Taxonomic remarks on Barbus moulouyensis Pellegrin, 1924 (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) with the description of a new species of Luciobarbus Heckel, 1843 from Morocco.

        • Arunachalam, M., Chinnaraja, S., Sivakumar, P. & Mayden, R.L. (2016): Description of a new species of large barb of the genus Hypselobarbus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Kali River, Karnataka region of Western Ghats, peninsular India.

        • Sayyadzadeh, G., Eagderi, S. & Esmaeili, H.R. (2016): A new loach of the genus Oxynoemacheilus from the Tigris River drainage and its phylogenetic relationships among the nemacheilid fishes (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) in the Middle East based on mtDNA COI sequences.

        • Mousavi-Sabet, H., Vatandoust, S., Fatemi, Y. & Eagderi, S. (in press): Tashan Cave a new cave fish locality for Iran; and Garra tashanensis, a new blind species from the Tigris River drainage (Teleostei: Cyprinidae).
          • Garra tashanensis Mousavi-Sabet et al., (in press)[at present published only online and is not fullfilling Article 8.5 of the amendment of the ICZN]

        • Stein, D.L. (2016): Description of a New Hadal Notoliparis from the Kermadec Trench, New Zealand, and Redescription of Notoliparis kermadecensis (Nielsen) (Liparidae, Scorpaeniformes).

        • Prokofiev, A.M., Gon, O. & Psomadakis, P.N. (2016): A new species of Neobathyclupea from the northern Indian Ocean with comments on N. malayana (Teleostei, Perciformes, Bathyclupeidae).

        • Weigmann, S., Ebert, D.A., Clerkin, P.J., Stehmann, M.F.W. & Naylor, G.J.P. (2016): Bythaelurus bachi n. sp., a new deep-water catshark (Carcharhiniformes, Scyliorhinidae) from the southwestern Indian Ocean, with a review of Bythaelurus species and a key to their identification.

        • Soares, I.M. & Bührnheim, C.M. (2016): A new species of Moenkhausia Eigenmann, 1903 (Characiformes: Characidae) from Amazon basin, Brazil.

        • Riddin, M.A., Bills, I.R. & Villet, M.H. (2016): Phylogeographic, morphometric and taxonomic reevaluation of the river sardine, Mesobola brevianalis (Boulenger, 1908) (Teleostei, Cyprinidae, Chedrini).

        • Fricke, R., Chen, J.-N. & Chen, W.-J. (2016): New case of lateral asymmetry in fishes: A new subfamily, genus and species of deep water clingfishes from Papua New Guinea, western Pacific Ocean.
          • Protogobiesocinae subfam. n. Fricke et al., 2016
          • Type genus: Protogobiesox n. gen. Fricke et al., 2016
          • Type species: Protogobiesox asymmetricus Fricke et al., 2016

        • Andrade, M.C., Ota, R.P., Bastos, D.A. & Jégu, M. (2016): A new large Myloplus Gill 1896 from rio Negro basin, Brazilian Amazon (Characiformes: Serrasalmidae).

        • [update] Baldwin, C.C., Robertson, D.R., Nonaka, A. & Tornabene, L. (2016): Two new deep-reef basslets (Teleostei, Grammatidae, Lipogramma), with comments on the eco-evolutionary relationships of the genus.
          • Lipogramma haberi Baldwin et al., 2016
          • need to be mandatorily changed to Lipogramma haberorum Baldwin et al., 2016
          • Lipogramma levinsoni Baldwin et al., 2016

        • Barbosa, M.A. & Katz, A.M. (2016): A new species of the catfish genus Trichomycterus (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae) from the Paranaíba basin, Central Brazil.

        • Orr, J.W. (2016): Two New Species of Snailfishes of the Genus Careproctus (Liparidae) from the Aleutian Islands, Alaska.

        • Gill, A.C., Tea, Y.-K. & Senou, H. (2016): Plectranthias takasei, new species of anthiadine fish from southern Japan (Teleostei: Serranidae).

        • White, W.T., Mana, R.R. & Naylor, G.J.P. (2016): Galeus corriganae sp. nov., a new species of deepwater catshark (Carcharhiniformes: Pentanchidae) from Papua New Guinea.

        • [update] Ramirez, J.L., Birindelli, J.L.O. & Galetti Jr., P.M. (2017): A New Genus of Anostomidae (Ostariophysi: Characiformes): Diversity, Phylogeny and Biogeography Based on Cytogenetic, Molecular and Morphological Data.

        • Gill, A.C. & Pogonoski, J.J. (2016): Pseudotrichonotus belos new species, first record of the fish family Pseudotrichonotidae from Australia (Teleostei: Aulopiformes).

        • Bohlen, J. & Šlechtová, V. (2016): Leptobotia bellacauda, a new species of loach from the lower Yangtze basin in China (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Botiidae).

        • Shen, K.-N., Chang, C.-W., Delrieu-Trottin, E. & Borsa, P. (2016): Lemonpeel (Centropyge flavissima) and yellow (C. heraldi) pygmy angelfishes each consist of two geographically isolated sibling species.

        2016 latest news (November)

        • Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. (2016): Lubricogobius tunicatus, a new species of goby (Pisces: Gobiidae) from Papua New Guinea and the first record of L. ornatus from the East Indies.

        • Yearsley, G.K. & Last, P.R. (2016): A new genus of stingarees (Myliobatiformis: Urolophidae) with comments on other urolophid genera and an annotated checklist of species.
          • Spinilophus n. gen. Yearsley & Last, 2016
          • type species: Urolophus armatus Müller & Henle, 1841
            • Pp. 35-40 in Last, P.R. & Yearsley, G.K. (Eds) (2016): Rays of the World: Supplementary information. CSIRO Australian National Fish Collection.

      • Last, P.R., Weigmann, S. & Yang, L. (2016): Changes to the nomenclature of the skates (Chondrichthyes: Rajiformes).
        • nomanclatural changes:
        • resurrectiion of the family Gurgesiellidae
        • elevation of subgenus Schroederobatis to generic level
        • resurrection of Springeria from subgeneric rank as a valid genus-level taxon
        • reassignment of species to the genus Dentiraja
        • resurrection of Dipturus intermedius as a valid species from synoymy with D. batis
        • resurrection of the tribe Pavorajini McEachran, 1984
        • erection of new tribes:
          • Bathyrajini n. tribe
          • type genus: Bathyraja
          • tribe Crurirajini [new use of family-group name Crurirajidae Hulley, 1972]
          • type genus: Cruriraja
            • Pp. 11-34 in Last, P.R. & Yearsley, G.K. (Eds) (2016): Rays of the World: Supplementary information. CSIRO Australian National Fish Collection.

      • Deng, H., Wen, H., Xiao, N. & Zhou, J. (2016): A new blind species of the cave genus Oreonectes from Guizhou, China (Nemacheilinae).

      • Silva, G.S.C., Melo, B.F., Oliveira, C. & Benine, R.C. (2016): Revision of the South American genus Tetragonopterus Cuvier, 1816 (Teleostei: Characidae) with description of four new species.
        • Tetragonopterus franciscoensis Silva et al.,